There are more than a hundred types of arthritis, which share in common inflammation of the joints, and symptoms of joint pain and stiffness, of one or more of the joints. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, which typically worsen with age.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s defence mechanisms sometimes go into action when there’s no threat. In this case, the immune system attacks the joints and sometimes other parts of the body. The joints become inflamed and sometimes ‘flare up’, when the joints become warm and red as blood flow to the area increases, resulting in a stiff, swollen and painful joint. Treating inflammation as quickly as possible is vital because once joint damage has occurred it cannot be reversed.
In osteoarthritis, the smooth cartilage that takes the strain in a normal joint becomes rough, brittle and weak. To compensate, the bone beneath thickens and spreads out, forming knobbly outgrowths, often accompanied by inflammation. As osteoarthritis gets worse, bits of cartilage may break away from the bone, causing the bone ends to rub together and the ligaments to become strained. This causes a lot of pain, changes the shape of the joint, and can reduce the range of movement. Osteoarthritis is most common in the hands, knees, hips and feet. Several factors like age, genetics, gender, weight and injury seem to increase the likelihood of getting osteoarthritis.
Signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may include:
- Tender, warm, swollen joints
- Morning stiffness that may last for hours
- Fatigue, fever and weight loss
Rheumatoid arthritis affects the smaller joints first — particularly the joints that attach the fingers to hands and toes to feet. With the progression of the disease, almost any joint can be affected — knees, ankles, elbows, hips and shoulders, including the jaw. Usually, the same joints on both sides of the body are affected.
Osteoarthritis symptoms develop slowly and worsen over time. Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
- Pain in the joint. The joint may hurt during or after movement.
- Tenderness. The joint may feel tender when light pressure is applied to it.
- Stiffness. Joint stiffness may be most noticeable in the morning or after a period of inactivity.
- Grating sensation while using a joint.
- Bone spurs, which feel like hard lumps, may form around the affected joint.
- Loss of flexibility, leading to inability in moving a joint properly.
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the immune system attacks the synovium — the lining of the membranes that surround the joints. The resulting inflammation thickens the synovium that invades and destroys the cartilage and bone within the joint, eventually. The tendons and ligaments that hold the joint together weaken and stretch. Gradually, the joint loses its shape and alignment.
A person’s genes may make him or her more susceptible to environmental factors — such as infection with certain viruses and bacteria — that may trigger rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in the joints deteriorates over time. When the cartilage wears down completely, what is left is bone rubbing on bone.
Rheumatoid arthritis can affect other areas of the body, leading to other health problems such as:
- Osteoporosis, a condition that weakens your bones and makes them more prone to fracture.
- Lung condition. People with rheumatoid arthritis have an increased risk of inflammation and scarring of the lung tissues that can lead to shortness of breath.
- Occurrence of rheumatoid nodules which are basically bumps under the skin that appear on the elbows, and can be painful.
- Rheumatoid arthritis can affect a joint in your voice box or larynx (cricoarytenoid joint), leading to hoarseness.
- Heart problems. Rheumatoid arthritis can cause inflammation in the lining around the heart increase the risk of clogged arteries.
- Eye problems. Around 5 percent of people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis may be affected. Symptoms include red, painful eyes or possibly dry eyes.
- Over time, rheumatoid arthritis can cause joints to deform and shift out of place.
Osteoarthritis worsens over time and the joints become stiff, and cause pain, impacting mobility and ability to do daily tasks.
People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis have to depend on medication that can reduce inflammation in the joints, erase pain, and prevent or slow joint damage. Physical therapy helps to ease painful joints. In case of severe damage of joints, surgery may be advised by doctors.
In case of osteoarthritis, a combination of medication and therapy can help to reduce pain and maintain joint movement. In case of damaged joints, joint replacement surgery may be advised.
The best way to take care of inflamed and stiff and painful joints is to get a daily dose of exercise as advised by doctors. Gentle exercise can help strengthen the muscles around the joints, and fight fatigue. Joints that are inflamed or injured should not be put under pressure.
Applying heat can take care of pain and relax tense and painful muscles. Likewise, cold may have a numbing effect on painful muscles and can decrease muscle spasms. Sufficient rest and keeping stress at bay is also important. Obesity increases the pressure and stress on weight-bearing joints, such as the knees and hips, and an optimal weight can reduce the pressure and pain. Using assistive devices also helps to take the pressure off a painful joint; these devices should be used as advised by therapists.
Curegarden’s Natural Joint Rescue for arthritis management:
Joint Rescue for arthritis combines the most active compounds of two clinically proven botanicals – turmeric and boswellia – in one powerful formula that works synergistically to help ease inflammation without any negative side effects.
Bio-available curcumin (BCM-95™) is the gold standard of curcumin (the most active compound of turmeric) with bio-availability and efficacy far superior to that of other curcumin extracts. Boswellia Serrata , commonly known as Indian frankincense, has been traditionally used in India since 600 BC, as an anti-inflammatory in conditions such as arthritis.
The formulation provides multi-modal relief from pain, inflammation and other symptoms of arthritis.
Read more about Natural Joint Rescue