Diabetic Retinopathy is an after effect of one of the major lifestyle disorders – Diabetes. This is a disorder of the eye where the blood vessels in the eye tend to swell and rupture, thereby causing the blood to leak into the retinal space. This condition occurs when the blood sugar levels are extremely high and can lead to vision loss and blindness, if left untreated.
In the first stage of diabetic retinopathy, there are no visible symptoms. So, if you are suffering from diabetes, it is important that you visit your nearest optometrist at least once in three months. As the condition worsens, the blood that leaks from the blood vessels would eventually block the field of vision. Hence, the earlier you detect this condition, the more effective would be its treatment.
The symptoms of this disorder include dark spots in the visual field, blurred or double vision and large floaters or specks that move across your field of vision. To reduce the risk of suffering from diabetic retinopathy, blood sugar levels need to be monitored and a proper diet with regular exercise should be maintained to achieve target blood sugar levels.
Although vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy is irrevocable, the earlier the disorder is detected, the better the treatment can be and permanent vision loss can be prevented. Treatment procedures include scatter laser treatment, vitrectomy and intraocular injections.
Living with diabetic retinopathy can be a tough task, but there is help that is readily available to you. The specialists will aid you to get back on track to lead a normal life, whether that means learning to read again or getting the support you need from your loved ones. For additional support, you can also consult a counsellor or a psychologist.