A runny nose, scratchy throat, and continuous sneezing are the signs that you are suffering from the common cold. The common cold is an upper respiratory tract infection caused by more than 200 different viruses. The most common virus is rhinovirus which is thought to be a reason for at least 50% of colds. Other viruses that can cause colds include coronavirus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza, and parainfluenza.
Symptoms of Common Cold
You are most likely to notice these symptoms if you get cold:
• Watery eyes
• Stuffy nose
• Scratchy throat
If you have more severe symptoms such as high fever, or body pain, it might be a sign that you have suffered from flu rather than a cold.
Facts About Common Cold
• The common cold caused by more than 200 different viruses and most importantly the rhinovirus which is 50 % responsible for colds.
• Children are more affected by cold viruses than adults.
• The common cold is contagious in nature and can be transmitted to other people by virus-infected airborne droplets or by direct contact.
• Being in cold weather does not mean that you can suffer from a common cold, but cold weather promotes close contact.
• No antibiotics or medicines can be effective in curing colds. However, there are many OTC medicines that may give you some relief from the colds.
• Colds are caused by viruses and cannot be treated with antibiotics.
• The common cold can be managed at home by following some simple home remedies for the treatment of a common cold.
How to prevent Common Cold?
• Wash your hands frequently.
• Avoid rubbing your eyes and touching your nose with infected hands.
• Dry your hands using use and throw tissues.
• Don't do smoking.
• Keep the surroundings clean and hygienic.
• If your child has a cold, wash their toys as well.
• Use separate towels in the kitchen and bathroom for drying hands and body.
When to visit the doctor?
The cold lasts long for about 7 to 10 days, but if it stays more than that, you may need to visit the doctor. Sometimes, the colds can result in an infection caused by bacteria in your lungs, sinuses, or ears. In that case, your doctor may give you antibiotics, which may work against bacteria but not for colds as colds are caused by viruses. So try some home remedies for treating common cold and get well soon.